Aislinn’s Research

This is a summary of Aislinn’s research into cancer, its causes, and treatments. Due to copyright laws, we cannot reproduce all the sources she used, but we have linked to as many as possible to help you navigate through the plethora of information and misinformation that is out there under the broad medical umbrella known as ‘cancer’ research.


Research quicklinks:

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Treatments – Complementary / Alternative

Alkaline Antioxidant Water

www.thewolfeclinic.com/alkalinewater.html

www.drinkalkalinewater.net/alkalinewater.html

Water Alkalisers have gained in popularity in some parts of the world since it was determined that cancer thrives in acidic environments. As we are composed largely of water, it stood to reason that drinking ‘alkaline water’ could make it difficult for cancer to grow. But there are many critics of ‘alkaline water’ (which is technically a misnomer) as a cancer treatment – many of the vendors of water alkalisers claim many health benefits of their machines, but ‘cancer treatment’ or ‘cancer prevention’ is not always claimed amongst these listed health benefits. The claimed health benefits largely revolve around preventing infections, but this does not always prevent cancer as many of the potential cancer causes are not infections. Also, there are more inexpensive ways of ‘alkalising’ water (see Prill Beads).

Aloe Vera Detoxification

www.ehow.com/how_2119542_use-aloe-vera-detoxification.html

www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=26864

www.mskcc.org/mskcc/html/69116.cfm

Aloe vera has been known for a long time to have external healing properties, but there is evidence to suggest that aloe vera can also heal your body from the inside. It has many ingredients that neutralize toxins, clean the colon, stimulate cell regeneration, support your immune system and boost energy levels – but be careful, it can have some side effects when taken orally and should not be taken on an ongoing basis. Aloe Vera is also another one of those natural plants that is very difficult to process correctly to maintain its cancer-fighting properties. Please note that as with all detox therapies, care should be taken. Consult your doctor or naturopath to ensure that it is safe for you to start any detox.

Amazonian Graviola

“6 Natural Cancer Cures they don’t want you to have”, Health Sciences Institute (2008) Baltimore, MD.

In 1976 the National Cancer Institute in the USA showed that the leaves and stems of this tree contained a substance that could attack and destroy malignant cells. Extracts from Graviola seeds have shown comparable results to the chemotherapy drug Adriamycin in lab tests for breast and colon cancer. This is one of a class of treatments that lower the ATP energy of cancer cells to the point that they actually fall apart. As with the DMSO Cesium Chloride treatment, the tumor can be expected to swell before the cancer cells do fall apart.

Artemesinin / Wormwood

www.self-helpcancer.org/cancertreatment2_1.htm

The sweet wormwood herb is another treatment that may also shrink tumors very quickly, like Amazonian Graviola, but is not generally a standalone treatment. As always, consult your physician before combining treatments as not all are compatible.

Avemar

“6 Natural Cancer Cures they don’t want you to have”, Health Sciences Institute (2008) Baltimore, MD.

Avemar is a fermented wheat germ extract that has been shown to reduce the recurrence of cancer, starve cancers of fuel by inhibiting their glucose metabolism, increase the speed of cancer cell death, and assist the immune system in identifying cancer cells to attack. It is also very safe to use and is available as a dietary supplement in many countries.

Barley Supplements

www.barleygreen.com.au

www.thewolfeclinic.com/supplements/barleySupreme.html

These powders derived from young barley grass are rich in phytonutrients, vitamins A and C, bioflavonoids and other anti-oxidants, as well as enzymes, amino acids and other minerals that promote good health and help the immune system to fight many ailments including cancer. Anecdotal evidence suggests these supplements can also ease the side effects of chemotherapy.

Bill Henderson Protocol

www.beating-cancer-gently.com/index.html

The Bill Henderson Protocol is the alternative cancer treatment that causes the least amount of inflammation and swelling. It is based on the Johanna Budwig Diet of cottage cheese and flaxseed oil, but also includes several other supplements to boost the immune system and a special diet designed to create a highly alkaline environment in the body that microbes cannot survive in. Aislinn consulted with Bill Henderson personally and had planned to begin this Protocol but before all the supplements had arrived her condition had deteriorated to the point where she could no longer swallow the great number of supplement pills that were required by the protocol. For others in this situation, other treatments like the Cesium Chloride / DMSO Protocol should be considered.

Brandt Grape Cure

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer/GrapeCure.html

Grapes are alkaline and are a very good detox substance. The Brandt Grape Cure is a Stage IV cancer treatment but on its own cannot treat very advanced cancer patients. It can be combined with any other Stage IV cancer treatment.

Cancer Diet

www.cancertutor.org/AltTreatments/Alt_Diet.html

Esko E, “Diet & Disease: An Overview”, The Pulse of Life: Explorations and Discoveries in Macrobiotics, 1994, One Peaceful World Press, Becket MA

Kushi Institute:

www.kushiinstitute.org/html/articles.html#Diet%20&%20Disease

“Eat Right for your Type” (2001) Dr Peter J D’Adamo. Century; London.

“The China Study” by Dr T.C. Campbell & T.M. Campbell. BenBella Books:

www.thechinastudy.com/about.html

“Reclaim your Inner Terrain” by Dr Darrell L. Wolfe Ac. Ph.D., 5th Ed., available at www.TheWolfeClinic.com

Aislinn changed her diet significantly and more than once during her treatment. She was absolutely convinced that diet played a part in her affliction, and she believed that diet could also form part of the cure. There is considerable evidence to suggest that cancer cannot grow in alkaline environments, so Aislinn endeavoured to make her body as alkaline as was healthy to do. She tried diets detailed in books like “The China Study”, “Eat Right for Your Type”, and “Sick and Tired? Reclaim your Inner Terrain” (see Robert O Young Alkaline Diet), before finally settling on the Bill Henderson Protocol, which is based on the Budwig diet.

Cellect-Budwig Protocol

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer02/Cellect_Budwig.html

The Cellect-Budwig Diet is based on the conversion of oil soluble omega 3 into water soluble omega 3 by combining Flaxseed oil & Cottage cheese as a meal replacement. This is a part of the Bill Henderson Protocol too. It is a Stage IV cancer treatment with few side effects, but for best results should be combined with other treatments. The recommended combination is: Cellect powder, the Budwig Protocol, Laetrile / Vitamin B17, Vegetable Juicing, and Real Sunlight.

Cesium Chloride / DMSO Protocol

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer/Alkaline.html

www.essense-of-life.com

This is a very strong treatment for Stage IV cancers, but does have side effects like swelling and inflammation. The side effects can be treated by other products such as Ursolic acid. This protocol is a highly alkaline treatment that works through the cesium being absorbed into the cancer cells and alkalizing these cells only. The cesium also: limits the cancer cells ability to absorb glucose thereby starving the cancer cells; neutralizes lactic acid thereby preventing the cancer cells from multiplying uncontrollably; and also stops the fermentation process. If you choose this treatment be careful to monitor the level of serum potassium in your blood. Regular blood tests every 2-3 weeks should check your blood uric acid, electrolytes, potassium, magnesium, calcium and sodium levels. It is very important to consult a practitioner with experience in this protocol so that they can oversee your progress and watch for any ill effects.

Chelating Items (Vitamin C, Zeolites, Chlorella)

Cancer Tutor: www.cancertutor.org/faq/faq_inexpensive.html

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer/Chlorella.html

Chelating items are items that bind to heavy metals and transport them out of the body. Zeolites are specific types of minerals which come from volcanos. They are best known as chelating molecules, especially for mercury and other heavy minerals, and it turns out that they are also effective at shrinking tumors.

Chinese Herbs

AACMA: Aust. Acupuncture& Chinese Medical Association

www.acupuncture.org.au/

Aislinn visited a Doctor of Chinese Medicine (a member of the AACMA with a BHS TCM qualification) who viewed her medical records and prescribed the following supplements:

Tonify Spleen Q1 (Lui Jun Zi San, Six Wise Sages Formula) – No. 3

Remove Substantial Stagnation Powder (Nei Xiao Luo Li San) – No. 18

Aislinn took these as directed. For those with an open mind, seeing an accredited Doctor of Chinese Medicine may be a useful addition to your other treatments.

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)

www.cancertutor.org/Other/Liver_Cancer.html

Studies conducted in Europe using high-dose CoQ10 supplements showed significant regression of breast and prostate tumors, while another breast cancer study also found that high dosages of CoQ10 caused tumours to shrink.

Colloidal Silver

www.cancertutor.org/Other/Breast_Cancer.html

Colloidal silver has been shown to fight infections, and can be a useful supplement to other cancer therapies. Fighting infections can help treat some cancers directly, but can also assist the immune system in preventing other infections and thereby allowing the immune system to focus more on fighting the cancer. Please note that colloidal silver is not compatible with all other cancer therapies, so consult your physician before combining it with other therapies.

Colonic Cleansing (irrigation)

www.coloncarecentre.com.au

Not a cancer treatment as such, but a supporting therapy. Colonic irrigation can flush out the toxins that your body is struggling to get rid of by itself. This can provide you with a clean slate, so to speak, to start a new treatment with your body in the best possible condition to assist in fighting the cancer in conjunction with your chosen treatment. Please note that as with all detox therapies, care should be taken. Consult your doctor or naturopath to ensure that it is safe for you to start any detox

Dandelion Root Treatment

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer02/DandelionRoot.html

The roots of the common dandelion can be used to make a potent cancer treatment. However, it can be difficult to make so be careful when following the procedure. Manually grinding each dandelion root into powder sounds time consuming but this article estimates a week’s supply can be ground in half an hour. Take the powder mixed with water, juice, etc.

Eden Valley Health & Education Centre

Eden Valley Health & Education Centre: 1547 Ammon Rd, Balingup, WA, 6253; ph. 08 9764 1183

This is a 10-day Juice detox retreat. Fresh Juices are a concentrated form of vitamins and minerals that can help the immune system and general health of those with reduced appetites. Vitamin A has been shown in studies to shrink the size of tumors and the best way to take Vitamin A is in fresh carrot juice. Please note that as with all detox therapies, care should be taken. Consult your doctor or naturopath to ensure that it is safe for you to start any detox.

Electromedicine (MRS-2000, Bob Beck Protocol)

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer02/BobBeck.html

There is evidence to suggest that a small electric current can prevent microbes from multiplying. There is a special magnetic pulser called the MRS-2000 which has reversed extreme liver damage, but it is difficult to know what its success rate is. There are also many other electromedicine treatments with little to no supporting evidence so be careful before placing your hopes on this form of treatment alone.

Emotional Healing

“The Emotion Code” (2007) Dr Bradley Nelson. Wellness Unmasked Publishing; Mesquite, Nevada.

It is almost impossible to quantify whether emotional stress is a contributing factor to cancer, and similarly impossible to show whether emotional healing can treat cancer. Aislinn pursued emotional healing at a very late stage and it was too late for it to be effective at that time, but there is certainly no harm in doing emotional healing, so it may be worth covering your bases.

Essaic Tea

www.cancertutor.org/Other/Liver_Cancer.html

Essaic Tea is one of the foremost alternative cancer treatments that have been shown to shrink tumors. As with all herbal teas, however, its ability to work is heavily dependent on the quality of the growing, processing and storage of the herbs. Herbs that have been dehydrated are not as effective, if effective at all.

Flavonoid Cancer Treatment Protocol

www.treat-cancer.nl

Flavonoids have been used in cancer treatments for many years, particularly in Europe where this protocol originated. They are anti-oxidants that help the immune system fight harmful free radicals which have been shown to cause some cancers.

Frequency Generators (Rife Machine)

“Research Protocol Using a Frequency Generator to Reduce Pain and Symptoms in Cancer” (2009) Independent Cancer Research Foundation Inc

Rife Technologies: www.rifetechnologies.com

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer03/FreqGenerators.html

www.rife.org/newspaper/planet.html

Based on the work of Dr Royal Rife, the theory behind a Rife machine (or Frequency Generator) is that microbes like viruses, fungi and bacteria each have a vibratory frequency that will kill them. This is called their “Mortal Oscillatory Rate” (MOR). However, to get this frequency transmitted into cancer cells (through the cell wall) requires the MOR to be hidden in a carrier frequency that can get past the cell wall. For a frequency generator to be useful as a Rife machine, it must be able to output a wide range of frequencies, several frequencies simultaneously, sweep across a range of frequencies, and different waveforms such as square and sine waves. There are many unscrupulous imitators out there so be careful about what you buy! The GB-4000 from http://www.newhopetechnologies.com/frequencystore.htm is the model that Aislinn found that met the requirements, though there are probably other frequencies generators that will also fit the bill.

Fulvic Acid (for Heavy Metal Detox)

www.chronic-illness-treatments.suite101.com/article.cfm/fulvic_acid_for_heavy_metal_detox

www.thewolfeclinic.com/supplements/pdf/FulvicAcid.pdf

Fulvic Acid is a strong detoxifier and antioxidant capable of transporting molecules heavier than itself. It binds with toxic heavy metals and other pollutants and moves them out of the body. As with all detox therapies, care should be taken. Consult your doctor or naturopath to ensure that it is safe for you to start any detox.

Glutathione

www.cancertutor.org/Other/Liver_Cancer.html

This is a protein comprised of the amino acids: cysteine, glutamic acid, and glycine. It detoxifies the liver and the body by binding to toxins and transporting them out of the body. Glutathione is also an anti-oxidant so it counteracts the effects of harmful free radicals in the body.

Grapefruit Pulp (MCP)

“6 Natural Cancer Cures they don’t want you to have”, Health Sciences Institute (2008) Baltimore, MD.

MCP is a substance found in the pulps and rinds of citrus fruits like grapefruits and oranges that have been modified to produce shorter sugar chains, which are more readily absorbed into the bloodstream. These sugar chains in MCP bind to a molecule called galectin-3 that plays an important role in cancer development. This binding can prevent the galectin-3 from binding with other molecules like cancer cells, and this inhibits the cancer cells from forming tumours. Another benefit is that MCP has no serious side effects and is compatible with all other treatments as far as we know.

Hydrogen Peroxide

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer/HydrogenPeroxide.html

Hydrogen Peroxide baths or oral treatments should only use food grade hydrogen peroxide. 35% food grade hydrogen peroxide is still very dangerous and should be kept well away from children. Do not try to self-administer this.

Insulin Potentiation Therapy (IPT)

www.cancertutor.com/Cancer02/IPT.html

IPT is a Stage IV cancer therapy that involves administering Insulin with chemotherapy. The insulin acts on the cancer cell membranes as the cancer cells have insulin receptors. This allows the chemotherapy to better target the cancer cells making the chemotherapy more effective at treating cancer cells while also being less harmful to healthy cells.

Iodine

Cancer Tutor: www.cancertutor.org/faq/faq_inexpensive.html

www.cypress.he.net/~bigmacnc/drflechas/index.htm

Iodine has been used in several famous cancer treatments, e.g. the Hoxsey (Potassium Iodine), the Gerson, and the Moerman treatments. Iodine has also been used as a treatment on its own. Although there is evidence to suggest that iodine works well for hormonally mediated cancers as these are associated with iodine deficiencies, there can also be severe side effects like stomach upsets and iodine toxicity. Always consult a professional experienced with iodine treatments before and throughout these treatments for your own wellbeing.

IP-6 (Inositol Hexaphosphate)

www.cancertutor.org/Other/Liver_Cancer.html

IP6 has been used to treat a wide variety of cancers, but is particularly effective against blood-based cancers such as leukaemia. Lab tests have shown that IP6, when added to liver cancer cells, completely inhibited the tumours. IP6 may also boost the immune system and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Lactoferrin

“6 Natural Cancer Cures they don’t want you to have”, Health Sciences Institute (2008) Baltimore, MD.

Lactoferrin is an iron-binding protein found in breast milk that forms our first source of immune-system chemicals after birth. It acts by binding to iron in our blood, which to some degree prevents cancer cells and some microbes from absorbing the iron that they require to grow. It also activates specific strands of our DNA that in turn activate the genes that launch our immune response.

Laetrile / Vitamin B17

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer/Laetrile.html

Laetrile (also known as amygdalin or Vitamin B17) has been used for decades to selectively kill cancer cells. It is best taken intravenously, but another way is by eating apricot seeds. Other sources of laetrile include the seeds of berry plants, millet grain and buckwheat grain. There are also some laetrile pills on the market. When taken in combination with an effective cancer diet and key supplements, it is a potent cancer treatment.

LifeOne Protocol of Dr Howenstine, MD

www.cancertutor.org/Other02/AdvTreatments.html

This protocol is a Stage IV treatment that is most effective for hormone related cancers (ovarian, cervical, prostate, hepatoma, pancreatic, etc.), particularly if the patient has not had chemotherapy or radiation therapy. If the patient has had chemotherapy or radiation therapy then the treatment may take longer to be effective.

Mangosteen Juice

www.cancertutor.org/Other02/AdvCardinal.html

Mangosteen and other super-nutrient juices add minerals and key phytonutrients as well as other nutrients to your body. They are a good dietary supplement but should be used carefully if the patient has existing liver problems as these can contribute to liver problems if taken in high doses. The Robert O. Young diet forbids these juices as they contain glucose, but if cancer cells absorb glucose from these juices they may also absorb minerals that can kill them, so if you are following the Robert O. Young diet you should not necessarily dismiss these juices.

Massage Detox

“Detox Demystified” by Galina Pembroke in “Universal Wellbeing” (2006) Issue 103, pp79-82

This can be a helpful detox therapy by aiding in the release of stress and toxins, but it is perhaps not as effective as Colon Hydrotherapy. Please note that as with all detox therapies, care should be taken. Consult your doctor or naturopath to ensure that it is safe for you to start any detox.

Meditation

“You Can Conquer Cancer” (2001) Ian Gawler. Michelle Anderson Publishing; Melbourne.

Meditation may not be a treatment in and of itself, but Aislinn found great solace in finding a place that her weakened body couldn’t prevent her from going to. This helped her get through many painful treatment sessions and enabled her to stay positive throughout her battle.

Mushroom Extract (AHCC – activated hexose correlate compound)

“6 Natural Cancer Cures they don’t want you to have”, Health Sciences Institute (2008) Baltimore, MD.

Activated Hexose Correlate Compound (AHCC), an extract from a hybridization of several kinds of medicinal mushrooms, has been shown to be a powerful and safe immune stimulator. In 1995, a clinical trial reported in the ‘International Journal of Immunotherapy’ showed that 3g per day of AHCC significantly lowered the level of tumour markers in patients with prostate, ovarian, and breast cancers, as well as those with multiple myeloma.

Oleander Treatment (Tony Isaacs)

Cancer Tutor: www.cancertutor.org/Cancer02/Oleander.html

www.cancertutor.org/Other02/AdvTreatments.html

Oleander soup and oleander extract/pills are quite popular Stage IV alternative therapies. If you are fortunate enough to live in an area where wild oleander grows then this is a very inexpensive treatment that is compatible with many other therapies. Oleander can also lessen the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation treatments.

Ozone RHP

www.cancertutor.org/Other02/AdvTreatments.html

This is a Stage IV treatment that is rarely used because it requires intravenous delivery of ozone into the blood stream, so it should not be self-administered. If you are considering this treatment, you must consult a professional with experience administering it. There are side effects such as inflammation and swelling which may result.

Prill Beads (Magnesium)

www.yourwatermatters.com/products/water-alkaline-energized/magnesium-prill-beads

www.healthnvitality.com/quality-water/prill-beads.htm

Prill beads are made of naturally occurring alkaline-rich minerals that have been baked at high temperatures to form hard, ceramic-like pellets that are insoluble in water. These beads provide an easy, inexpensive and portable way to alkalise and energise drinking water and will last many months or even years. Aislinn used prill beads ahead of water alkalisers due to their being a natural and far cheaper product.

Protocel

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer/Protocel.html

This treatment is not suitable for advanced cancer patients or those with fast growing cancers or lung cancer, but for others it is quite an effective therapy that can be combined with most other treatments. Note that it should not be taken in conjunction with any electromedicine treatments as the Protocel is a chemical that lowers the voltage (energy) of the cancer cell structures in the body.

Robert Barefoot Calcium Protocol

www.cancertutor.org/Cancer/Calcium.html

“The Calcium Factor: The Scientific Secret of Health and Youth” by Robert R Barefoot and Dr Carl J Reich MD.

This protocol is based on taking high doses of Coral Calcium along with other supplements in order to alkalise the body. It is deemed to be a strong Stage III cancer treatment. It can be a useful addition to a Stage IV cancer treatment for those with advanced cancer, but it is not a strong enough treatment for Stage IV cancers in and of itself.

Robert O Young Alkaline Diet

“Sick and Tired? Reclaim your Inner Terrain” (2001) Robert O. Young & Shelley Young. Woodland Publishing; Pleasant Grove, UT.

www.snyderhealth.com/Young.htm

The Robert O. Young diet is a powerful diet for fighting cancer. It provides instructions for what vegetables to eat as not all are suitable for cancer patients. Basically, avoid all foods high in glucose, which includes some vegetables, as glucose is a fuel source for cancer cells.

Seaweed Extract

“6 Natural Cancer Cures they don’t want you to have”, Health Sciences Institute (2008) Baltimore, MD.

There is an immune-building substance in brown seaweed called Fucoidan. Studies have shown that this substance can prevent the development and spread of cancer, and can cause apoptosis, a process where certain types of rapidly growing cancer cells actually self-destruct.

Simoncini Treatment (Bicarbonate Soda)

“Cancer is a Fungus” (2005) Dr. Tullio Simoncini. Edizioni Lampis; Italy.

Cancer Tutor: www.cancertutor.org/faq/faq_inexpensive.html

The Cancer Support Association (CSA) of WA flew a pioneering doctor to Perth to speak on this therapy and the link between the Candida fungus and cancer. After some consultation, Aislinn undertook a combined injection and infusion treatment of Sodium Bicarbonate for more than 12 months after her secondary diagnosis. In conjunction with an ‘alkaline’ diet, this treatment appeared to slow the progress of the tumours, as evidenced by her regular MRI and Ultrasound scans. However, this treatment is not rated as a Stage IV cancer treatment, rather a method to buy time, and as such, when further metastases appeared, Aislinn was forced to move to a more aggressive Stage IV treatment. Throughout her experience with this treatment, Aislinn did meet many patients who had been cured by this therapy, but her cancer was more aggressive than most.

Sister Mary Eymard Poydock, PhD Treatment

www.cforyourself.com/Conditions/Cancer/CancerRecipe.html

Cancer Tutor: www.cancertutor.org/faq/faq_inexpensive.html

This treatment is a combination of Vitamins C and B12 that has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells. It should be used in conjunction with other treatments that allow nigh doses of anti-oxidants.

The Overnight Cure for Cancer (OCC)

www.new-cancer-treatments.org/Cancer/OCC.html

The name is misleading, but the treatment has had good success over five days – even so it is not recommended for advanced cancer patients. However, many patients are unable to complete the treatment as the DMSO and Chlorine Dioxide can cause severe skin rashes. It should only be administered by a trained professional.

Trojan Horse Therapy

www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2009/06/29/2609592.htm?site=science&t

This therapy uses ‘minicells’ made from bacteria and ‘short interference RNA’ (siRNA) to deliver cancer therapy drugs into tumours. The siRNA are able to block the drug-resistant genes in the tumours, which allows the delivered drugs to be more effective. This allows smaller doses of the cancer therapy drugs to be targeted at the cancer cells, meaning a less harsh treatment with fewer side effects for the patient. More research is being conducted on this before it will be available to the public.

Vitamin C (infusions)

Cancer Tutor: www.cancertutor.org/faq/faq_inexpensive.html

Vitamin C has a very high oxidation potential within the body and there have been many reports where high doses of vitamin C have been attributed to causing the shrinking of cancer tumors. However it is not generally a standalone treatment, and is best used in conjunction with a stronger therapy. Aislinn received Vitamin C infusions weekly in her last few months but this alone was not enough to buy her the time she needed.

Vitamin D3

www.vitamindcouncil.org/cancerMain.shtml

Vitamin D, whether produced in the skin as a result of exposure to UV radiation (from sunlight or sun lamps) or taken as a supplement in the form of cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)—may help cancer patients. However, the research is far from complete. Vitamin D3 has many other demonstrated health benefits. Cancer patients should take high doses of Vitamin D3 daily.


Treatments – Conventional / Orthodox

www.cancerhelp.org.uk/about-cancer/treatment/index.htm

www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/treatment/types-of-treatment

Angiogenesis Inhibitors

Angiogenesis is the growth of new blood vessels. Angiogenesis inhibitors are drugs that are a form of biological therapy that impede tumours from growing their own blood cells, which prevents tumours from growing beyond a small size. Different inhibitors are available, and are usually only applicable to a small range of cancers.

Biological Therapy

These treatments, such as Biological Response Modifiers (BRMs) or Immunotherapy, use natural substances from the body or drugs synthesized from these substances to instigate the body to attack cancer cells and mitigate the side effects of other cancer treatments.

Bisphosphonates

These are drugs that are used to slow down or prevent bone damage and are sometimes called ‘bone hardening’ or ‘bone strengthening’ treatments. They are used on patients with secondary bone cancer or those with bones that have been weakened by chemotherapy or hormone therapy.

Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone marrow transplants are used to treat several types of cancer, e.g. leukaemia or lymphoma. These are used when your cancer is in remission but is likely to recur, or when other treatments have failed. The treatment involves giving a very high dose of chemotherapy, sometimes in combination with radiotherapy, which would ordinarily kill your bone marrow. To circumvent this, some of your bone marrow is removed before the treatment and frozen, then afterwards it is returned to your body via an intravenous drip.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy intends to damage ddiding cells by damaging the control centre inside each cell that tells the cell to ddide. It can be administered either orally or by injection into the bloodstream. The main problem with chemo is the damage it does to healthy cells, although research is being done into more targeted methods of delivering the chemo drugs directly to the cancer cells (see Trojan Horse Therapy). Chemotherapy is very effective against some cancers such as Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and testicular cancer, but not as effective against others such as breast or bowel cancer (so patients with these cancers should ask for treatments in combination with or in place of the chemotherapy). Aislinn had several rounds of chemotherapy after her primary diagnosis, as well as radiotherapy and surgery, and was declared in remission at that time – but her secondary diagnosis was only a few months later. She suffered terrible side effects from the chemotherapy including sickness, hair loss, and infertility.

Gene Therapy

Gene therapy can treat cancer by either blocking abnormal genes in cancer cells, repairing or replacing abnormal genes, or encouraging genes to become abnormal in the cancer cells. The first two types of gene therapy approaches aim to revert the cancer cells back to normal cells, while the third approach aims to kill the cancer cells. There is still a great deal of research going into improving or developing new gene therapies.

Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapies use the sex hormones that are naturally produced by the body, or drugs that block these, to treat cancer. This is only effective for ‘hormone sensitive’ or ‘hormone dependent’ cancers (cancers that need hormones to grow), such as breast, prostate and uterine cancer. The treatment itself works by either preventing hormones from being produced by the body or preventing the hormones from reaching the cancer cells (inhibitors). Aislinn had hormone receptive HER2+ breast cancer and was treated with Tamoxifen, but unfortunately this was unsuccessful in her case.

Hyperthermia

This treatment is used in conjunction with other treatments such as chemotherapy for specific cancer types, e.g. bladder cancer. The hyperthermia basically involves heating the bladder wall with a microwave probe, which appears to make the cancer cells more sensitive to the chemotherapy.

Laser Therapy

Lasers are focused light beams that are very hot, and can be used to burn away parts of tumours in certain cancer types, e.g. lung cancer. The treatment is designed to shrink tumours, but usually won’t eradicate the tumours. It has few side effects, but is not a complete cancer treatment. Other treatments will also be necessary.

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

PDT uses a photosensitizing drug (a drug that makes the cancer cells sensitive to light) combined with a laser (see Laser Therapy). The PDT drug stays longer in cancer cells than in normal cells, so after the normal cells have passed on the drug, the laser can be used directly on the tumours to burn away parts of them. This is only used for certain cancers, e.g. lung cancers where the tumour is blocking an airway.

Proton Therapy

This is a form of external radiotherapy involving protons in a particle beam directed at the affected area. It is only used for a few types of cancer such as eye cancer, spinal cord cancer or sarcomas. The protons impart their energy on impact with the cancer cells, so this treatment tends to have less severe side effects than other forms of radiation therapy. The impacts of protons will hopefully kill the cancer cells.

Radiation Therapy (Radiotherapy)

Radiotherapy uses electro-magnetic radiation, usually in the form of X-rays, to destroy cancer cells in a localized area. It can be administered either externally using X-rays or sub-atomic particles, or internally by oral consumption or injection of a radioactive material. Unfortunately, healthy cells will be damaged as well, though healthy cells are better able to repair themselves. You will need to be healthy enough that the non-cancerous cells can recover from the radiation, so again early diagnosis is vital. There are also side effects like nausea and hair loss that are very trying for patients. Aislinn suffered a great deal of weight loss too from her already thin frame.

Stem Cell Transplant

Similar to bone marrow transplants, the stem cells are harvested by inducing them from your bone marrow into your blood, then extracting them from your blood and freezing them. After the treatment involving high dose chemotherapy and possibly radiation, the stem cells are returned to your body via an IV drip. The advantages over bone marrow transplants are that no anaesthetic is required to initially extract the stem cells and your blood count recovers faster.

Surgery

As a treatment, surgery is very localized, i.e., it only treats the area that is operated it so if the cancer has spread then surgery will not be effective in and of itself. Surgery will remove tumours and a bit of surrounding tissue, possibly even nearby lymph nodes, as this area may also contain cancer cells. This is most effective if the cancer is caught early, before it has had time to spread. Unfortunately, the nature of surgical procedures is that if the cancer is not completely removed, the area affected by the surgery may allow the cancer easier access to the bloodstream where it can spread throughout the body. Treatment prior to surgery can help to shrink the cancer to minimize this risk – such treatment is called ‘neo-adjuvant’ treatment.

Targeted Cancer Therapy Drugs

Unlike chemotherapy and radiotherapy, targeted cancer drugs are specifically tailored to attack cancer cells while leaving healthy cells unaffected. This greatly reduces the nasty side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, leaving the patient in better general health with a stronger immune system to help fight the cancer. There is a great deal of research into a great many of these drugs, particularly for cancers that are traditionally resistant to both chemotherapy and radiotherapy such as kidney and liver cancers. These drugs can often also be used in conjunction with chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Vaccines

Anti-cancer vaccines are substances that can protect us from cancers that are in part caused by infections, e.g. the cervical cancer vaccine that protects against infection by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The vaccine needs to be administered before people get the infection, not just before they get the cancer as they may have had the infection for years by that stage. These vaccines work by triggering an immune response in the body, causing the immune system to create antibodies. These antibodies are then created to fight the infection if you are ever exposed to it.


Causes of Cancer

There is no one single cause of cancer. Current evidence indicates that cancer is a series of mutations of the DNA within our cells. Some cancers require only two successive mutations, while others are more complicated requiring many mutations. If each known carcinogen (or cause of cancer) causes a specific mutation of the DNA within our cells, then we can see that there are multiple causes to any cancer. The most compelling evidence of this comes from the known and accepted carcinogens, for example, smoking or nuclear radiation. If smoking alone was enough to cause cancer, then everyone who had ever smoked would have cancer – but not every smoker gets cancer. Similarly, after the Hiroshima bomb, the proportion of local residents who developed cancer was much lower than expected. So if we have to be exposed to a series of carcinogens before we get cancer, then we should be aware of what those potential carcinogens are so that we can avoid them.

As the DNA in our cells is mutated by carcinogens, the cells can ignore the body’s commands to die when their time is up. Often our body’s own defences, our immune system, clears away the mutated cells before the cancer gets out of hand. Sometimes though the mutated cells go undetected or undefeated by the immune system and multiply out of control. This is when external treatments are needed to fight the cancer or to aid the immune system in fighting the cancer.

Because a series of causes are always required, it becomes difficult to prove causality and this has made cancer research all the more difficult. Unfortunately the scientific method can only really test one theorem at a time, and with the various combinations of causes possible, uncovering all the breakthroughs could take a very long time. On the plus side, if we eliminate one of the known causes for each type of cancer, then we shouldn’t, theoretically, be able to develop any of them.

For more information, check out: www.cancerhelp.org.uk/about-cancer/causes-symptoms/causes/what-causes-cancer

Alcohol

Alcohol is metabolized into sugar in the body, creating a more acidic environment that facilitates the growth of cancer. Drinking to excess can also cause other health problems which can weaken your immune system.

Asbestos

Asbestos fibres are known to be able to lodge in our lungs, resulting in asbestosis and mesothelioma. Links to other cancers have not been proven.

Diet

Cancer has been shown to thrive in an acidic environment and has been shown to be impeded in an alkaline environment. The acidity of human body is reasonably constant, but is influenced by the foods we eat, for example a diet high in sugar will cause a slightly acidic environment in the body. Many so called anti-cancer diets exist, but it is very difficult to conclusively prove which if any can prevent cancer. A balanced diet can definitely improve your general health, and strengthen your immune system, helping it stop cancer on its own.

Eating Disorders

Interfering with our bodies’ natural systems and patterns can have unexpected consequences. There is not currently any proven link between eating disorders and cancer, and perhaps it is only that people suffering eating disorders typically have weakened immune systems.

Emotional Stress

Emotional stress is hard to quantify or even identify. It is immeasurable, and so no experiment can prove causality between this and cancer. Only empirical evidence can really be gathered, and there are as many anecdotes extolling the virtues of relieving emotional stress as there are naysayers. Aislinn referred to a book called “The Emotion Code” in an effort to cover her bases, but she had not had the chance to do the emotional healing recommended by the book.

Genetics

If cancer is a series of genetic mutations, then it makes sense to look for causes in our genes. Genetic predispositions to certain cancers have been shown to exist. The mapping of the human genome in recent decades has uncovered a range of genes that correlate to a higher likelihood of cancer.

High Voltage Power Lines

The link between living or working in close proximity to high voltage power lines or towers and cancer is still suspected but not yet proven. The magnetic fields induced by flowing currents can have an effect on the magnetic fields of the cells in our body, but whether this causes cancer is still unknown.

Illicit Drugs

In manufactured drugs like methamphetamines, there are many chemicals and no restrictions on the chemicals used. Many tablets have been found to contain known poisons, for example rat poison. Can you ever really be sure what it is you are putting into your body?

Industrial Chemicals

Strong chemicals like some hospital cleaning products and mineral refining agents have been linked with some cancers. Investigations into these are continuing. Strong chemicals can cause chemical reactions with our bodies that result in serious health conditions. Always read the MSDS and use personal protective equipment when dealing with hazardous chemicals – just because you can’t see an instant effect doesn’t mean that the chemical won’t affect you later on.

Infections

Some viruses, bacteria, and fungi have been linked with cancer, but few have been proven to be causal factors. The human papilloma virus (HPV) has been shown to be a causal factor for cervical cancer and a vaccine has been developed to hopefully reduce the incidence of cervical cancer in the future. Other infections like Candida, Epstein-Barr Virus, Ulcers, etc. are the subjects of further research.

Night Shift

Empirical evidence has indicated that people who have done night shift for long periods have a higher risk of some health problems, including cancer. This does not prove causality, but it is an area of continuing research.

Radiation

High intensity radiation, particularly gamma radiation from nuclear decay, has been shown to cause mutations to human DNA that can lead to cancer. The increase in incidence of cancer around nuclear radiation sites like Hiroshima after WWII and Chernobyl after the meltdown led to the discovery of the link between nuclear radiation and cancer.

Root canals & Mercury Amalgams

Root canals and dental implants can allow anaerobic bacteria to breed undetected, leading to other health issues. Bill Henderson recommends an ultrasound of the jaws that will show any inflammation.

www.cancertutor.org/Other/Breast_Cancer.html

Smoking

Cigarettes are packed with known carcinogens, more so than cigars or pipe tobacco although these also do have many carcinogens in them. Despite the best efforts of ‘Big Tobacco’ in the USA, cigarettes are widely accepted as being a potent cause of lung cancer.

UV Radiation

Exposure to UV radiation in sunlight for extended periods without sun protection has been shown to cause skin cancers. However, the UV light in tanning machines and UV lamps have not been as conclusively linked. UV Radiation has been separated into UV A and UV B in an effort to indicate the frequencies which are most harmful.


Monitoring progress

No matter what treatment course you choose to take, it is important to monitor your progress through one or more of the methods below. You should do a ‘baseline’ test before commencing the treatment so that you have a basis of comparison for future tests, which should be done regularly throughout your course of treatment. Hopefully, you will see a trend of improvement between each successive test.

Blood tests

Consult your doctor about which blood components are the critical monitoring factors for your type of cancer.

Navarro Urine Test

This test monitors the “Navarro” (HCG) score of your urine. Typically, a score over 50 means that you have cancer, while a score under 50 is considered normal. If your treatment is working, the HCG score of your urine should decrease until it is below 50. For more information, see:

www.new-cancer-treatments.org/Articles/Determine.html

Scans

CT and PET scans are very good for monitoring the effect of your cancer treatment, but these are also expensive and irradiate the body, so it can be difficult to do these frequently.

MRIs and Ultrasounds are also used to monitor progress, but are generally considered less accurate than CT and PET scans for the purposes of monitoring cancer

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